CFIA Enforcement of Nutrition Facts Table & Food Labelling

CFIA Enforcement of Nutrition Facts Table & Food Labelling


The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is responsible for protecting Canadians’ health and safety by ensuring that food that reaches customers is safe, nutritious, and correctly labeled. The CFIA’s responsibilities also include enforcing federal food safety and nutrition regulations.

Nutrition Facts Table CFIA

As of July 1, 2016, the CFIA has begun to enforce the new Nutrition Facts Table (NFT) and food labeling regulations. It means that all food products sold in Canada must now comply with these new rules.

If you are a food manufacturer, importer, or retailer, it is important to understand these changes and how food labeling links your business with your customers. This blog post will provide an overview of the new NFT and food labeling requirements, as well as some tips on how to comply with them.

Overview of the CFIA’s Enforcement Process

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) ensures that food products sold in Canada are safe and properly labeled. The CFIA enforces federal food safety and labeling laws, such as the Food and Drugs Act and the Safe Food for Canadians Act.

The CFIA’s enforcement process begins when it receives a complaint or information about a possible violation. The CFIA will then investigate to determine if there is a federal law violation. If a violation is found, the CFIA will take appropriate enforcement action, including issuing a warning, recalling a seizure order, or prosecuting the offender.

The CFIA takes food safety and labeling violations seriously and will not hesitate to take enforcement action when necessary. However, the CFIA also recognizes that many unintentional violations can be corrected quickly and easily. In these cases, the CFIA may provide guidance to help businesses comply with the law.

Nutrition Facts Table and CFIA Changes

The Nutrition Facts table is a mandatory component of food labels in Canada. It must be easy to read and understand and provide information on the following nutrients: calories, fat, saturated, trans fat, cholesterol, sodium, carbohydrates, fiber, sugars, and protein. The table must also include each nutrient’s percent daily value (%DV).

The %DV tells you the percentage of each nutrient in a single serving in terms of the daily recommended intake. For example, if the %DV for sodium is 4%, then one serving of that food contains 4% of the daily recommended intake for sodium.


Recently, Canadian officials have made many changes to the nutrition fact table. Some of them are the following.

  1. Potassium has been included in the previously mentioned list of nutrients because of its significance in maintaining normal blood pressure. The majority of people in Canada do not consume sufficient amounts of this essential nutrient.
  2. Omit vitamin A and vitamin C because the diets of most individuals in Canada provide an adequate amount of these nutrients.
  3. Adding the levels of potassium, calcium, and iron that are measured in milligrams (mg)
  4. Including a footnote at the table’s bottom regarding the percentage of the daily value
  5. Consumers will have an easier time understanding how much sugar and other nutrients (like sodium) are in their meals if this information is provided, and it will explain that: A little amount would be 5% or less.
  6. The Nutrition Facts table can help you make wise and informed choices about the foods you eat. Use it to compare similar products and choose the one that best meets your nutritional needs.

Food Labelling

According to the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), food labels must include certain information to help consumers make informed choices about the foods they purchase. The CFIA is responsible for enforcing these requirements and ensuring that food labels are accurate and up-to-date.

The Nutrition Facts table is one of the most important parts of a food label, as it provides information on the nutrient content of a food. The CFIA requires that all packaged foods sold in Canada include a Nutrition Facts table on their label.

The CFIA also regulates other aspects of food labeling, such as claims about a product’s benefits, ingredient lists, and nutrition claims. For example, claims such as “low fat” or “high in fiber” must meet specific criteria for a food label.

The CFIA has published several resources to help the industry comply with food labeling requirements, including a Guide to Food Labelling and Advertising and a toolkit for small businesses.

How does the CFIA Enforces the Regulations?

The Safe Food for Canadians Act and Regulations have rules about how food labels should look. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) makes sure these rules are followed. The CFIA verifies that the industry complies with the regulations through various activities, such as inspections, audits, and investigations. Food Labelling Links consumers with safe food.

If the CFIA finds that a company is not in compliance with the food labeling regulations, it may take enforcement action. Enforcement actions can range from issuing a warning to ordering a recall of the products in question. The CFIA also has the authority to issue fines and prosecute companies that do not comply with the law.

The CFIA takes food labeling violations seriously and will not hesitate to take enforcement action when necessary. The industry should be aware of the Safe Food for


The CFIA’s enforcement of the Nutrition Facts Table and food labeling is important in ensuring Canadians have access to accurate and up-to-date information about the foods they eat. This will help them make informed choices about the foods they purchase and ultimately lead to healthier eating habits.

How Quality Smart Solutions can help

Firstly, QSS can help with formula review, product labeling, and nutrition facts creation (for Canada and the USA).

Secondly, we can also help with registering supplemented foods with TMALs (Temporary Market Authorization License) or reviewing when the new Supplemented Food Regulations are published. 

Thirdly, we help with Safe Foods for Canadians Regulations (HACCP, PCP, Import Licensing, and GRAS Notifications). 

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