CFIA Enforcement of Nutrition Facts Table & Food Labelling

CFIA Enforcement of Nutrition Facts Table & Food Labelling


The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is responsible for protecting Canadians’ health and safety by ensuring that food that reaches customers is safe, nutritious, and correctly labeled. The CFIA’s responsibilities also include enforcing federal food safety and nutrition regulations.

Nutrition Facts Table CFIA

As of July 1, 2016, the CFIA has begun to enforce the new Nutrition Facts Table (NFT) and food labeling regulations. It means that all food products sold in Canada must now comply with these new rules.

If you are a food manufacturer, importer, or retailer, it is important to understand these changes and how food labeling links your business with your customers. This blog post will provide an overview of the new NFT and food labeling requirements, as well as some tips on how to comply with them.

Overview of the CFIA’s Enforcement Process

The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) ensures that food products sold in Canada are safe and properly labeled. The CFIA enforces federal food safety and labeling laws, such as the Food and Drugs Act and the Safe Food for Canadians Act.

The CFIA’s enforcement process begins when it receives a complaint or information about a possible violation. The CFIA will then investigate to determine if there is a federal law violation. If a violation is found, the CFIA will take appropriate enforcement action, including issuing a warning, recalling a seizure order, or prosecuting the offender.

The CFIA takes food safety and labeling violations seriously and will not hesitate to take enforcement action when necessary. However, the CFIA also recognizes that many unintentional violations can be corrected quickly and easily. In these cases, the CFIA may provide guidance to help businesses comply with the law.

Nutrition Facts Table and CFIA Changes

The Nutrition Facts table is a mandatory component of food labels in Canada. It must be easy to read and understand and provide information on the following nutrients: calories, fat, saturated, trans fat, cholesterol, sodium, carbohydrates, fiber, sugars, and protein. The table must also include each nutrient’s percent daily value (%DV).

The %DV tells you the percentage of each nutrient in a single serving in terms of the daily recommended intake. For example, if the %DV for sodium is 4%, then one serving of that food contains 4% of the daily recommended intake for sodium.


Recently, Canadian officials have made many changes to the nutrition fact table. Some of them are the following.

  1. Potassium has been included in the previously mentioned list of nutrients because of its significance in maintaining normal blood pressure. The majority of people in Canada do not consume sufficient amounts of this essential nutrient.
  2. Omit vitamin A and vitamin C because the diets of most individuals in Canada provide an adequate amount of these nutrients.
  3. Adding the levels of potassium, calcium, and iron that are measured in milligrams (mg)
  4. Including a footnote at the table’s bottom regarding the percentage of the daily value
  5. Consumers will have an easier time understanding how much sugar and other nutrients (like sodium) are in their meals if this information is provided, and it will explain that: A little amount would be 5% or less.
  6. The Nutrition Facts table can help you make wise and informed choices about the foods you eat. Use it to compare similar products and choose the one that best meets your nutritional needs.

Food Labelling

According to the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA), food labels must include certain information to help consumers make informed choices about the foods they purchase. The CFIA is responsible for enforcing these requirements and ensuring that food labels are accurate and up-to-date.

The Nutrition Facts table is one of the most important parts of a food label, as it provides information on the nutrient content of a food. The CFIA requires that all packaged foods sold in Canada include a Nutrition Facts table on their label.

The CFIA also regulates other aspects of food labeling, such as claims about a product’s benefits, ingredient lists, and nutrition claims. For example, claims such as “low fat” or “high in fiber” must meet specific criteria for a food label.

The CFIA has published several resources to help the industry comply with food labeling requirements, including a Guide to Food Labelling and Advertising and a toolkit for small businesses.

How does the CFIA Enforces the Regulations?

The Safe Food for Canadians Act and Regulations have rules about how food labels should look. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) makes sure these rules are followed. The CFIA verifies that the industry complies with the regulations through various activities, such as inspections, audits, and investigations. Food Labelling Links consumers with safe food.

If the CFIA finds that a company is not in compliance with the food labeling regulations, it may take enforcement action. Enforcement actions can range from issuing a warning to ordering a recall of the products in question. The CFIA also has the authority to issue fines and prosecute companies that do not comply with the law.

The CFIA takes food labeling violations seriously and will not hesitate to take enforcement action when necessary. The industry should be aware of the Safe Food for Canadians Regulations.

What are the food label format requirements?

In Canada, certain rules must be followed when it comes to the format and presentation of food labels. Allergens must be declared in plain language, such as “contains nuts” or “made with wheat.” Nutritional facts tables also need to meet specific requirements. The table must include calories as well as serving size, nutrients listed in specific order, and relevant amounts per serving size and per a predetermined system of measurement. Any information that is not included on a label must be readily available to customers upon request.

How to ensure accurate nutrition facts are included on food labels?

To ensure accurate nutrition facts are included on food labels, it is important to use reliable sources for nutritional information. Foods that are produced commercially should include a fact table based on the manufacturer’s analysis of the product. If you’re having difficulty sourcing this information from the company, there are databases available that contain reliable nutrition facts for commonly used ingredients. It is also important to know Canadian requirements for food labeling, guidelines for declaring allergens, and other necessary facts. Additionally, any specific type of diet-related claims made on a label must adhere to the applicable regulations of Health Canada.

Where does allergen information show up on food labels?

Allergen information for food labels must be clear, concise, and consistent. This means that allergen statements should be easily visible on a product label. The presence of allergens must be indicated in the list of ingredients, at the end of the list with a statement to indicate which part of the product was used, or in the statement “contains X” near the ingredient list. In addition, precautionary statements such as “may contain X” are used when there is a potential risk of cross-contamination, although this may not always be required by law.

How to check for ingredient and product name accuracy on food labels?

When checking for the accuracy of a food label, the main thing to consider is whether the ingredients on the label match the product itself. Checking for correct spelling and including any known allergen names can help to avoid potential issues when it comes to product liability. Additionally, be sure that any additional nutritional information or claims about the product are accurate and up-to-date so that customers receive all relevant information about their purchase.

Where does lot code and method of production irregularities get displayed on food labels?

Lot codes and method of production irregularities are usually found in two places on food labels. The first is in the “Contains” or “Ingredients” section, which includes any items used to make a product. The second is in the manufacturing information, which can contain a lot code, expiration dates, packaging facilities, and other production details. This information is particularly important if there are potential allergen risks related to a product. As such, they must be clearly visible and accurate so that customers can identify any potential issues when selecting a product.

What are the basic Canadian food labeling requirements?

All food products must include a label that lists the common name of the food, a list of ingredients, the net quantity in metric and standard measurements, and the name and address of the company responsible for packaging or manufacturing. Product labels must also display the nutrition facts table, any warnings about potential allergens, and cooking instructions (if applicable). Additionally, fresh foods must also have a “best before” date printed on them.

How to Identify all Health Canada food Ingredients and allergens?

It is important to accurately identify all health Canada food ingredients as well as any potential allergens. All ingredients must be listed in descending order, followed by the common name of each item. Any potential allergens must also be clearly labeled and identified on the product’s label. The Canadian Food Inspection Agency provides a comprehensive list of potential allergens that must be identified in order to comply with the Canadian Food and Drug Regulations.

What nutrition and serving information should be on food labels in Canada?

Food labels in Canada must list nutrition and serving information. All prepackaged foods sold in Canada must have a nutrition facts table as well as a list of ingredients. The nutrition facts table should provide information on energy, fat (including saturated fat and trans fat), cholesterol, carbohydrate, fiber, sodium, and vitamins. Serving size must also be included in the nutrition facts table, either explicitly or through reference to the amount per package.

What contact information for manufacturers are required on food labels in Canada?

All packaged foods sold in Canada must have some sort of contact information, so consumers know who to get in touch with if they have questions. This can include anything from a phone number, website address, mailing address, or email address. The contact information should be clear and easy for customers to find on the product package.

What language regulations apply on food labels in Canada?

In Canada, food labels must be bilingual. All required information, such as nutrition facts, allergen warnings, and ingredient lists, must appear both in English and French. Non-bilingual products are not allowed to be sold in the country, and any packages where these elements appear only in one language must be updated so that they meet Canadian regulations.


The CFIA’s enforcement of the Nutrition Facts Table and food labeling is important in ensuring Canadians have access to accurate and up-to-date information about the foods they eat. This will help them make informed choices about the foods they purchase and ultimately lead to healthier eating habits.

How Quality Smart Solutions can help

Firstly, QSS can help with formula review, product labeling, and nutrition facts creation (for Canada and the USA).

Secondly, we can also help with registering supplemented foods with TMALs (Temporary Market Authorization License) or reviewing when the new Supplemented Food Regulations are published. 

Thirdly, we help with Safe Foods for Canadians Regulations (HACCP, PCP, Import Licensing, and GRAS Notifications). 

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