Demystifying GHP and GMP Regulatory Food Safety Audits: Why They Matter

Demystifying GHP and GMP Regulatory Food Safety Audits: Why They Matter

In the realm of food production and processing, safety is paramount. Ensuring our food is free from contaminants and meets stringent quality standards is a shared responsibility. This is where Good Hygiene Practices (GHP) and Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) come into play. This comprehensive guide will explore the significance of GHP and GMP regulatory food safety audits. We’ll uncover why these audits are crucial and how they contribute to safeguarding the integrity of our food supply. We’ll help you unpack everything to do with food regulations.

Food Safety Audits

Understanding GHP and GMP: The Foundation of Food Safety

GHP (Good Hygiene Practices): GHP focuses on the cleanliness and hygiene of facilities and personnel involved in food handling and production. It encompasses a wide range of practices, including proper handwashing, sanitation of equipment, safe food storage, and maintaining hygienic working conditions. GHP lays the foundation for safe food handling from farm to fork.

GHP includes practices such as:

  1. Personal Hygiene: Ensuring that food handlers maintain cleanliness through proper handwashing, wearing suitable protective clothing, and minimizing the risk of contamination.
  2. Sanitization: Regular cleaning and sanitizing of equipment, utensils, and food preparation surfaces to prevent the growth of harmful bacteria.
  3. Safe Food Storage: Proper storage conditions to prevent spoilage and contamination of food products.
  4. Waste Management: Proper disposal of food waste and other materials to prevent pests and cross-contamination.

Good Hygiene Practice, or GHP, is a critical element in managing food chain hygiene along the entire food supply chain and ensuring that the food is secure and fit for consumption. It deals with many facets of the food industry, such as physical and chemical pollution control, worker hygiene, sanitary facilities, and the food supply chain. It is frequently required for other food safety management programs, including HACCP, ISO 2200, GAP, etc.

The essential hygienic and sanitary procedures are covered by GHP compliance. It draws attention to problem areas and possible roadblocks to raising your standards for food safety. Your workplaces, equipment, and facilities will be examined throughout the audit to identify potential hazards and areas that need improvement. It will assess and ensure that the food being processed is suitable for human consumption and is the bare minimum required to comply with regulations in the industry for hotels and restaurants. Food contamination and disease should not be taken lightly; GHP compliance will aid in that consideration.

What is the purpose of GHP in Food Safety?

The purpose of GHP is to:

  1. Minimize Health Risks: GHP practices reduce the risk of foodborne illnesses by preventing contamination at every stage of food production and handling.
  2. Maintain Product Quality: By adhering to GHP, businesses ensure that their products meet quality standards and are safe for consumption.
  3. Compliance: GHP helps businesses comply with food safety regulations and standards, avoiding legal issues and penalties.

GMP (Good Manufacturing Practices): GMP deals with the specific processes and procedures used to manufacture and process food products. It ensures that products are consistently produced and controlled to meet quality standards. GMP covers aspects like ingredient sourcing, equipment maintenance, and product testing.

What Are the Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP) in the Food Industry?

GMP in the food industry includes:

  1. Quality Control: Implementing measures to maintain product quality throughout the production process.
  2. Documentation: Keeping detailed records of production processes, ingredient sources, and quality control measures.
  3. Employee Training: Ensuring that staff is adequately trained in GMP procedures.

What Are the 10 Principles of GMP?

Nevertheless, the GMP guidelines can change based on the area of the food processing industry.

They consist of ten fundamental GMP guidelines that all food producers must adhere to:

  1. Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) should be written in step-by-step format.
  2. Apply the SOPs and procedures.
  3. For the aim of traceability, promptly and precisely document processes and procedures.
  4. Verify the efficiency of your SOPs and the efficacy of your procedures.
  5. Integrate quality and safety into the equipment and facilities.
  6. Regularly maintain the building, its systems, and its equipment, and keep records of it.
  7. Internally establish job competency.
  8. Encourage cleanliness by performing regular sanitization.
  9. Implement a methodical quality control for both the components and the processes.
  10. To maintain legal compliance and GMP efficacy, conduct routine audits.


GHP and GMP regulatory food safety audits are not just routine procedures; they are the backbone of a safe and reliable food supply chain. By adhering to these practices and undergoing audits, businesses ensure that their food is of the highest quality and, most importantly, safe for consumers. The importance of these audits cannot be overstated, as they are instrumental in protecting public health and maintaining the integrity of the food industry.

How can Quality Smart Solutions serve you?

Firstly, QSS can help with formula review, product labeling, and nutrition facts creation (for Canada and the USA).

Secondly, we can also help with registering supplemented foods with TMALs (Temporary Market Authorization License) or reviewing when the new Supplemented Food Regulations are published. 

Thirdly, we help with Safe Foods for Canadians Regulations (HACCP, PCP, Import Licensing, and GRAS Notifications). 

Help with facility registration, FSVP agent, and US Agent. 

Check out this blog on why Food Certifications are so important.

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About the author

Picture of Andrew Parshad
Andrew Parshad
Andrew Parshad is President, CEO and founder of Quality Smart Solutions, a North American compliance solutions provider offering regulatory and quality assurance services to comply with FDA & Health Canada brands and ingredients regulations in the categories of dietary supplements, foods, cosmetics, OTC drugs and medical devices. Andrew started Quality Smart Solutions in 2007. Since that time he and his firm has served thousands of clients worldwide . Andrew's affiliate company, Quality IMPORT Solutions that offers import agent services into the Canadian market as a government licensed importer for foods, dietary supplements and medical devices.


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