Cosmetic labelling is an essential part of developing and marketing cosmetics. Companies must meet government requirements for labelling, including ingredient listings, cautions and warnings, cosmetic claims, directions for use and other information needed for safety and consumer understanding. This guide outlines the necessary requirements of cosmetic labelling in Canada.
Understanding Cosmetic Labelling Regulations and Requirements:
Labelling requirements for cosmetics are outlined in legislation like the Cosmetic Regulations, the Consumer Packaging and Labeling Act and the Food and Drugs Act. It’s important to familiarize yourself with these regulations to ensure your labels meet all the necessary requirements. In addition, it is also essential that your labels are truthful, easy to understand, and provide adequate information to the consumer, including ingredient lists and product warnings.
Learn More About Ingredient Listings and Cosmetic Claims:
Cosmetic labels must list ingredients by their International Nomenclature Cosmetic Ingredient (INCI) name and in order of how much is present in the product from most to least. Ingredients must also be checked to ensure they are not present on the Cosmetic Ingredient Hotlist (Prohibited List), or that they comply with the restrictions per the Hotlist (Restricted List). Additionally, cosmetic labels may make certain claims about the product, such as “moisturizes” or “cleanses skin” so it’s important to be familiar with the regulations around these types of statements, and at what point they become unacceptable.
Understand Cautions & Warnings and Special Packaging Guidelines:
Labels that could be considered a possible health hazard must include appropriate caution and warning statements, such as ” “CAUTION: This product contains ingredients that may cause skin irritation on certain individuals and a preliminary test according to accompanying directions should first be made.” Special packaging guidelines must also be followed for any cosmetics packaged in a pressurized container (e.g., aerosol deodorant). Safety data sheets should be maintained for cosmetic products and should be kept on file until the product has been sold or disposed of.
Determine the Right Way to Display Safety Information and Expiration Dates on Labels:
Cosmetic products are not required to display an expiration date, however it may be ideal to include a “Best Before” date, to ensure product freshness and quality. This should be located near the name and address information, to clearly indicate when the product may no longer be safe to use. Safety symbols (e.g., pressurized container, flammable symbols) should also be included on labels where appropriate, to concisely communicate potential risks associated with the product. It is important to adhere to established labelling regulations in order for your products to remain in compliance with applicable industry standards.
Evaluation of Cosmetic Label Claims:
When formulating a cosmetic product with purposeful ingredients, it’s important to closely evaluate the claims being made on the label. Cosmetics cannot contain “active” or “medicinal” ingredients, therefore any claims that are made for the product must be generalized and cosmetic in nature. Cosmetic claims may refer to the product performance, but only without attributing a therapeutic effect. They may only describe effects in the context of appearance/scent. For example, “Our shampoo makes your hair soft and healthy looking.” would be an acceptable cosmetic claim. The nuances of cosmetic vs. health claims can sometimes be tricky, so it’s important to evaluate your cosmetic claims to ensure they are compliant with the regulations.
The importance of accurate cosmetic labelling: A guide for brands
When it comes to cosmetic products, accurate labeling is crucial for both consumer safety and regulatory compliance. This section will provide all the information you need to understand cosmetic labeling requirements, including the types of information that must be included on product labels and the regulations governing cosmetic labeling.
Understand the regulations and requirements for cosmetic labeling
Before creating your product labels, it’s essential to understand the regulations and requirements for cosmetic labeling. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates cosmetic labeling under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) and the Fair Packaging and Labeling Act (FPLA). These regulations require that cosmetic labels include specific information, such as the product’s name, net weight or volume, and a list of ingredients in descending order of predominance. It’s vital to ensure that your product labels comply with these regulations to avoid legal issues and ensure consumer safety.
Use clear and concise language on your labels
When creating cosmetic labels, it’s essential to use clear and concise language that consumers can easily understand. Avoid using technical jargon or complicated language that may confuse or mislead consumers. Use simple language to describe the product’s benefits, ingredients, and usage instructions. Additionally, include any necessary warnings or precautions to ensure consumer safety. Clear and concise language on your labels can help build consumer trust and improve the overall user experience.
Include all necessary information, such as ingredients and warnings.
Accurate cosmetic labeling is crucial for brands to ensure consumer safety and regulatory compliance
It’s essential to include all necessary information on your labels, such as a list of ingredients, usage instructions, and any vital warnings or precautions. This information not only helps consumers make informed decisions about the products they use, but it also helps to build trust with your brand. Make sure to use clear and concise language that is easy for consumers to understand, and avoid using technical jargon or complicated language that may confuse or mislead them.
Ensure accurate and consistent labeling across all products
It’s crucial to ensure that all your products are accurately and consistently labeled, regardless of size or packaging. This includes ensuring that all necessary information is included on the label, such as the product name, list of ingredients, usage instructions, and any essential warnings or precautions. It’s also important to ensure that the font size and style are consistent across all products and that the label is easy to read and understand. By maintaining accurate and consistent labeling, you can help to build trust with your customers and ensure their safety when using your products.
Regularly review and update your labeling to stay compliant with changing regulations
Regulations surrounding cosmetic labeling can change frequently, so it’s crucial to stay up-to-date and ensure your labeling remains compliant. This may involve regularly reviewing and updating your labeling to reflect regulations or industry standard changes. It’s also essential to ensure that your labeling is consistent across all products and that any changes are communicated clearly to your customers. By staying compliant with regulations and maintaining accurate labeling, you can help protect your brand’s reputation and ensure the safety of your customers.
How Quality Smart Solutions can help
QSS offers regulatory services from registering your cosmetic products to reviewing your cosmetic labels and submitting a cosmetic notification application to Health Canada.
We also offer FDA cosmetic product compliance solutions for USA Cosmetic Regulations.
Our experts are here to help and offer any cosmetic-related regulatory advice!